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Git - Essentials

some basic git commands

branch

# move to a branch
git checkout <branch_name>
# create and move to a new branch
git checkout -b <branch_name>
# delete a branch
git branch -d <branch_name>
# rename a branch
git branch -m <renamed_branch>

add

add changed files

# add all changed files
git add --all
 
# add a file
git add <file_relative_path>

references: rubygarage

commit

commit changes

git commit -m "your_commit_message"

push

push changes to remote repository

# push a branch which already connected and exist in remote
git push
 
# push a branch which doesn't exist on remote yet
git push -u <upstream> <branch_name>

status

git status

configurations

# read configured user in current repo
git config user.name
git config user.email
 
# read configured global user
git config --global user.name
git config --global user.email
 
# configure user in current repo
git config user.name "your_name"
git config user.email "your_email"
 
# configure global user
git config --global user.name "your_name"
git config --global user.email "your_email"

initialize a git repo

git init